The Mediterranean Diet: an intangible heritage of UNESCO humanity

food-pyramidFrom the piece of Adolfo Leoni, famous journalist from Le Marche:

“Ancel Keys, an american psychologist and Flaminio Fidanza , an Italian food scientist and university professor from Le Marche. They are the inventors of the “Mediterranean Diet”. Mr. Keys was in Italy at the end of World War II and met Mr. Fidanza. In Naples they started a survey which showed that the “cholesterol was influenced by dietary consumption of saturated fatty acids” as explained in the book “The Mediterranean Diet. The Temple of the Sibyl” by Dr. Lando Siliquini.fat and fatty acid(2)

At that point, it became necessary to start new studies on people “with different dietary habits and different predominance of cardiovascular disease.” Dr. Fidanza and Dr. Adolfo Del Vecchio started their studies in Nicotera, Calabria, along with some other Italian and foreign scientists. In 1958, Dr. Fidanza planned a new study involving the Center for Cardiovascular Diseases of Ancona, and choosed the people of Montegiorgio, in Le Marche.

Montegiorgio between the sea and the Sibillini mountains

Montegiorgio between the sea and the Sibillini mountains

This choise was not by chance. The scientist came from a neighboring town, he knew the lifestyle and the eco-system of his region, Le Marche, and considered Montegiorgio the right place thanks to its equal distance from the sea and the Sibillini mountains. A large number of residents took part in the survey.

A year later Dr. Keys launched the Study of Seven Nations (Seven Country Study) in three continents: Finland, Japan, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, Holland, United States. 12 thousands people were checked periodically. In Italy, three towns were selected for this study: Crevalcore (Emila-Romagna), Montegiorgio (Le Marche) and Nicotera (Calabria), which was canceled later. The study lasted for about 32 years (new controls took place in 1965, 1970, 1980, 1985, 1991).imagesIt attested the “superiority” of Montegiorgio’s food and life-style to improve health and longevity. Fewer heart attacks, less cardiovascular problems. 726 people from Montegiorgio were subjected to monitoring. Their ages ranged from 40 to 59 years. Moderation, frugal meals (fruit from the earth), seasonality, conviviality, celebration, tradition and value of women: all those habits made the difference. Today the town of Montegiorgio boasts the “Piceno Lab of the Mediterranean Diet”

Logo of the "Mediterranean Diet"

Logo of the “Mediterranean Diet”

Discovermarche is truly proud to have this opportunity to post this article (published by many major newspapers) and written by Adolfo Leoni, famous journalist and writer from Le Marche. Adolfo is really involved in enhancing and endorsing the importance, the beauty and the tradition of a unique region as Le Marche.

We are extremely grateful to people like him, as well as Dr. Siliquini, who favor the interest in their land above all others.



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